Child health promotion is a program that encompass the physical, social and emotional development of the child, with the aim of their optimum health and development and preventing illness.
The Program has many features which include:
- Guidance on important health topics such as development, behavioral problems, nutrition and the uses of child services.
- Measurement and recording of physical growth.
- Monitoring of developmental progress.
- Prevention of diseases by immunization.
- Detection of abnormalities by physical examination and screening tests, and by facilitating early recognition by parents.
- Health promotion and education.
- Identification of children in need, whether socially disadvantaged or with disabilities.
The Child Health Promotion Program
|Age||Screening Procedure||General Examination||Health Education|
|New Born||*Hip Examination
*Phenylketonuria (after 72 hours)
*Full physical examination
|*Feeding and nutrition
*Crying and sleep problems
|6-8 weeks||*Hip examination
*Recognition of illness in babies
*Accidents- fires, falls and scalds, baths
|8 mth, 2 yr and 3-4yr||*No longer routine, but targeted at needy and families at risk||*Development||*Accident prevention
Developmental needs, language and play
|School entry||*Vision (Snellen test)
*Hearing ( Sweep test)
|*Nurse selects children who require a medical evaluation
*Review Immunization status
|*Parental and teacher concerns|
|8 years||*Visual Acuity||*Diet
|11 years||*Visual Acuity
|*Health Education in school
|14 years||*Visual Acuity||*Careers advice
*Self-referrals to school doctor or nurse